Ukrainian law enforcement dismantled more than a dozen bot farms that were active inside the country, accusing their operators of spreading Russian propaganda through more than 1.5 million fake accounts.
Searches conducted by the Cyber Police of Ukraine – a unit of the Ministry of Internal Affairs – resulted in the seizure of more than 100,000 SIM cards, including cards from Russian mobile operators, Ukrainian authorities said on Tuesday. Police arrested 31 individuals across 24 locations.
Russia’s attempted conquest of Ukraine is accompanied by heavy doses of online disinformation and propaganda aimed at splitting support for Kyiv. The rise in internet usage in Ukraine over the past decade is fueling the spike in Kremlin digital messaging. Three-fourths of Ukrainians are online and nearly 9 out of 10 can receive cellular signals at least as fast as 3G.
The goal, wrote the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, is to “cause confusion, complicate efforts to reach consensus, and build support for Russia’s goals, while undermining the legitimacy of Ukraine’s response.”
Messaging that began by smearing Kyiv as a Nazi regime has shifted to intimations that Ukraine is plotting a “dirty bomb” attack and accusations that the United States is developing biological weapons through secret labs in Ukraine.
The police operation, dubbed “Botofarm,” took down 28 web resources used to register mobile numbers for use by the bot networks. Among the seizures were more than 150 mobile phones and around 300 gateways for connecting GSM signals to IT networks.
The operation was executed by the cyber police, territorial units of the national police and the prosecutor’s office of Ukraine with the cooperation of national cellular operators.