The cyberattack technology is changing in a drastic manner. The attacks are increasing in a higher rate. The attacks are not pertaining to a particular individual, but also many organizations and institutions are also involved.
To prevent from these types of attacks, lot of security measures are implemented by several organizations. They put into practice various security levels to protect from these attacks. The most ferocious attack now a days is considered to be Ransomware.
This paper explains the history and the evolution of ransomware. Also, it discusses about why encryption was chosen for ransomware attack. In this paper the author explains about how to avert ransomware and to respond to the attack.