Nowadays, most of the environments are using Active Directory to manage their networks and resources. And over the past years, the attackers have been focused to abuse and attack the Active Directory environments using different techniques and methodologies. So in this research paper, we are going to use the power of the PowerShell to enumerate the resources of the Active Directory, like enumerating the domains, users, groups, ACL, GPOs, domain trusts also hunting the users and the domain admins. With this valuable information, we can increase our attack surface to abuse the AD like Privilege escalation, lateral movements and persistence and so on.
Penetration Tests and Red Team operations for secured environments need altered approaches. You cannot afford to touch disk, throw executable and use memory corruption exploits without the risk of being ineffective as a simulated adversary. To enhance offensive tactics and methodologies, PowerShell is the tool of choice. PowerShell has changed the way Windows networks are attacked. It is Microsoft’s shell and scripting language available by default in all modern Windows computers. It could interact with .Net, WMI, COM, Windows API, Registry and other computers on a Windows Domain. This makes it imperative for Penetration Testers and Red Teamers to learn PowerShell.